far

とおい 遠い
はるか 遥か
ファー
* * *
/fɑ́ː(r)/ (類音fur)
〖副〗(far・ther/fɑ́ː(r)ðə(r)/ or fur・ther/fə́ː(r)ðə(r)/, far・thest/fɑ́ː(r)ðist/ or fur・thest/fə́ː(r)ðist/)
1 [場所] 遠くに[へ, から, まで], はるかに(⇔near)

go ~ away [off] 遠方に行く

How ~ are you from the airport? 空港からどれくらいですか《◆youはyour hotel [store]などの意》

I didn't go ~. 遠くまで行かなかった

Five miles is too ~ [xdistant, xfaraway] for little children to walk. 5マイルは小さい子供には遠すぎて歩けない《◆distantは場所が主語, farawayは限定形容詞》.

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◇[語法]
(1) farは単独では通例疑問・否定文に用いる. 肯定文では通例very, away, too, soなどの副詞や前置詞を伴う. 特に((略式))ではa long way (off)などを使う: We went a long way. 遠くまで行った(=((まれ)) We went ~. )/I live a long way from the station. (=((まれ)) I live ~ from the station. ).
(2) 具体的に距離が明示される場合はfarを用いない: xI live ten miles far from here. I live ten miles (away) from here. は可.
(3) farを使って「…は遠くない」は次の3通りの主語が可能: Nara is not far. / It is not far to Nara. / To Nara is not far.
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2 [時間] (現時点から)遠く, ずっと, はるかに

work ~ into the night 夜ふけまで働く

The scene is set ~ in the future. その場面ははるか未来に設定されている.

3 (φ比較) [程度] [形容詞・副詞の比較級, 形容詞の最上級, 一部の副詞・動詞・形容詞・修飾語句の前で] はるかに, 大いに, ずっと《◆muchより口語的》

He's a faŕ nícer companion than I expected. 彼は思っていたよりずっといい仲間だ

It's faŕ tòo hót in this house. この家はすごく暑い

That bridge is (by) ~ the longest. あの橋はずばぬけて長い

You're too ~ gone to drive. 君は酔いすぎて運転はできないよ

I would ~ prefer to stay at home. 家にいる方がよほどましだ《◆exaggerate, exceed, misjudge, misrepresent, outweigh, overreach, prefer, reduce, underestimate, unfitなどの動詞, different, preferableなどの形容詞, tooなどの副詞の前に置かれる》.

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◇[語法]
(1) [farとmuch] far [much] better/far [much] too wide/far [much] more/far [much] less/far [xmuch] too little.
(2) [farとmany] far [many] more books/far [xmany] too many books.
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*as [so] far as
=((米略式)) fàr as
(1) [前置詞的に] (場所的に)…まで《◆否定文に限りso far asも可》

Go along this road as ~ as the post office, and then turn left. この道路を郵便局の所まで行ってそれから左へ曲りなさい.

(2) [副詞節を導いて] …と同じ(遠い)距離まで

I didn't go so [as] ~ as he did. 彼と同じほど遠くへは行かなかった.

(3) [副詞節を導いて] …の及ぶ限りでは; …に関する限りでは( ⇒ as LONG1 as ◇[語法] )

as ~ as the eye can see [reach] 目の届く限り

as ~ as we can judge 我々の判断できる限りでは

as ~ as that goes [that is concerned] それに関して言うと, 実際に; それどころか, 反対に( ⇒ as [so] far as S is CONCERNed ).

as [so] far as in me lies
((正式))私の能力の及ぶ限りでは.
as [so] far as it goes
ある程度(までは).
*by far
(1) たいへん, とても

too hot by ~ あまりに暑すぎる.

(2) [比較級・最上級を強めて] はるかに, ずっと

This one is better by ~. = This one is by ~ the better. (2つのうちで)こちらがはるかによい

This novel is by ~ more interesting than that one. この小説はあれよりずっと面白い《◆この構文では~ more interestingが普通; cf. This novel is by ~ the more interesting. 》

She works by ~ the hardest [the hardest by ~] of anyone in my office. 彼女は私の事務所で飛びぬけてよく働く.

*carry O too far
⇒ carry〖動〗 .
far [((まれ))out] and away
((略式))[比較級・最上級の前で] はるかに, 断然; 疑いなく《◆far much, by farの強意形》.
far and wide [((ややまれ)) near]
near and far
遠く広く, あちこちと《◆everywhereの強意形》.
far as
⇒ as FAR as .
far be it from me
((略式))〔…しようという〕気は(私には)まったくない(が)〔to do, that節〕《◆but節やyet節が後に続く》.
*far from …
(1) [通例否定・疑問文で] …から遠い《◆(1) … には(代)名詞がくる. (2) 肯定文では通例a long way from》.
(2) 決して…でない, …にはほど遠い

His novel is ~ from (being) satisfactory. 彼の小説には満足どころかまったく不満だ《◆beingはしばしば省略; … には名詞・動名詞・形容詞がくる》.

(3) [文頭で] …するどころか(cf. ⇒ so FAR from doing ).
Far from it!
((略式))[通例先行の否定文や反対の意を強めて] とんでもない!, その反対だ!(not at all).
far out
((米略式))
(1) いかす, 進んでいる.
(2) [F~ out!] すげえ!, かっこいい!
from far and wide [near]
あらゆる所から.
from far away [off]
はるか遠方から.
go far
((略式))
(1) 〈人が〉うまくやる, 成功[出世]する.
(2) [通例否定文で]〈お金が〉物をたくさん買える; 〈食物などが〉(なくならずに)長く続く

A dollar does not go so ~ nowadays. 当節は1ドルではそれほど物が買えない.

(3) 〈物・事が〉〔…するのに〕大いに役立つ〔to, towardin doingto do〕

His contribution went far toward building the new hall. 彼の寄付は新しいホールの建設に大いに役立った.

go so [as] far as to do
⇒ go1〖動〗 .
go too [a bit] far
((略式))〈冗談・無作法などが〉〔…で〕度を越す〔in

I'm sorry. I went too ~. すまん. 言いすぎたよ

That's going too ~. 度がすぎるよ; 行きすぎだよ.

*how far
[距離・程度] どのくらい(まで)

How ~ is it from here?”“It's five minutes' walk. ”「ここからどのくらいですか」「歩いて5分です」《◆必ずしも距離で答えない》

How ~ do you believe him? どの程度まで彼を信用していますか

How ~ did you buy your ticket for?どこまで切符を買いましたか?

How ~ into the book have you read?どこまで本を読みましたか?

in so [as] far as
⇒ insofar .
not far off [out, wrong, short]
((略式))ほぼ正しい, 〔推測などで〕大きく外れていない〔in〕.
*so far
(1) [通例現在完了形, 時に現在形・過去形と共に] 今までのところでは

So ~ we have been quite successful. これまでは非常にうまくいった.

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◇[語法]
(1)現在完了形ではhaveと過去分詞の間に置くのが普通. これ以外は強意的.
(2)形容詞的にも用いられる: From my observations so ~, it seems that... これまで観察したところでは…のように思われる.
(3)しばしばyetと相関的に用いる: I've looked at six flats so ~, but I haven't found one I like yet. これまでアパートを6つ見てきたが, まだ気に入ったのがない.
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(2) この点[時, 場所]まで

(just) so ~ and no further もうこれ以上は(…できない)

I can only go so ~ on 30 cents. 30セントではそこまで(行ける)だけだ[そこが限度だ](=There's a limit on … ).

so far as
⇒ as FAR as .
so far from doing
…するよりむしろ, …の代りに《◆文頭ではsoの省略も可; ⇒ FAR from(3) 》.
So far(, ) so good.
((略式))これまでは順調だ《◆今後問題が起こりそうなことを暗示》.
take O too far
⇒ =CARRY O too far .
thus far
((正式)) ⇒ =so FAR (1) .
〖形〗(far・ther or fur・ther, far・thest or furthest) [通例限定]
1 ((文))
a [距離]〈国などが〉遠い, 遠くの(⇔near)

a ~ country 遠い国《◆a far-off countryが普通; a distant countryはやや堅い語; 「遠い町」はa town a long way offなどという》.

b [限定] 最先端の

in the ~ south of the country その国の最南端に.

c [時間] ずっと後の[先の]; 先見の明がある

the ~ past 遠い昔

take a ~ view 遠大な計画を抱く.

2 (φ比較) [限定] [通例the ~] (2つのうち)遠い方の

the ~ side of the hill 丘の向う側《◆xthe ~ manのように容易に移動可能な名詞はfarの後にこない》.

3 (政治的に)極端な

the ~ right 極右.

be (few and) far between
ごくまれである.

English-Japanese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • far — [ far ] (comparative far|ther [ farðər ] or fur|ther [ fɜrðər ] ; superlative far|thest [ farðəst ] or fur|thest [ fɜrðəst ] ) adjective, adverb *** Far can be used in the following ways: as an adverb: Have you traveled far today? after the verb… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • far — 1. far from + noun. This is a common way of expressing denial or rejection of a proposition: • The American dream seems as far from reality as my Communist dream Guardian, 1986. Its function as metaphor is more strongly evident in the variant… …   Modern English usage

  • far — [ far ] n. m. • 1799; breton fars, de l a. fr. fars « farci », du lat. farsus, p. p. de farcire « remplir, bourrer » ♦ Sorte de flan compact, généralt aux pruneaux, fait dans le Finistère. Far breton. ⊗ HOM. Fard, phare. ● far nom masculin (latin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Far — Far, adv. 1. To a great extent or distance of space; widely; as, we are separated far from each other. [1913 Webster] 2. To a great distance in time from any point; remotely; as, he pushed his researches far into antiquity. [1913 Webster] 3. In… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Far — may refer to:* Far East, or South and Southeast Asia ** Far Eastern Republic ** Far Eastern Federal District * FAR Manager, a Win32 Norton Commander clone * FAR Rabat, a Moroccan football club * Far infrared astronomy * Far pointer, in computer… …   Wikipedia

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